Responsibilities of the author

The authors warrant that the manuscript represents their original contribution, that it has not been published previously, and that it is not being considered for publication elsewhere. The simultaneous presentation of the same manuscript in several journals represents a violation of ethical standards, which excludes it from further consideration for publication in the journal. A paper that has already been published elsewhere cannot be reprinted in the NIR magazine.

The authors bear all responsibility for the entire content of the manuscript. The manuscript must not contain unfounded or illegal claims, nor violate the rights of other persons.

Authors are obliged to ensure that their author team listed in the manuscript includes all and only those persons who significantly contributed to the content of the manuscript. If other persons participated in important aspects of the research project and the preparation of the manuscript, their contribution should be mentioned in a footnote or a special note (Acknowledgments).

It is the author's obligation to indicate in the note the name and code designation of the scientific research project within which the work was created, as well as the full name of the funding institution. In the event that the work under the same or similar title was exhibited at a gathering in the form of an oral communication, details about it should be listed in the same place.

Authors are obliged to fully and correctly cite sources that significantly influenced the content of the research and manuscript. Parts of the manuscript, including text, equations, figures or tables, which are taken verbatim from other works must be clearly marked with a special note, for example, quotation marks with a precise indication of the place of download (page number) or, if they are more extensive, given in a separate paragraph.

Full references of all references in the text (citations) must be listed in a separate section (Literature or References) and in a uniform manner, in accordance with the citation style used by the journal. In the Literature section, only cited sources are listed, not other sources used during the preparation of the manuscript.

In the event that authors discover an important error in their work after its publication, they are obliged to immediately inform the editor-in-chief (or publisher) about it and to cooperate in having the work retracted or corrected.

It is the authors' obligation to state in the manuscript whether they are in a financial or any other significant conflict of interest that could affect their results or the interpretation of the results.

By submitting the manuscript, the authors undertake to respect the editorial policy of the journal NIR.

Editorial responsibilities

The editor-in-chief of the journal makes the final decision on which manuscripts will be published. Decisions are made solely on the basis of the value of the manuscript. They must be free from racial, sexual/gender, religious, ethnic or political prejudices. When making a decision on publication, the editor-in-chief is guided by the editorial policy, taking into account the legal regulations related to defamation, copyright infringement and plagiarism.

Members of the editorial board, including the Editor-in-Chief, must not have a conflict of interest with respect to the manuscripts they review. Members who might be considered to have a conflict of interest do not participate in the decision-making process on a particular manuscript.

Manuscripts are kept as confidential material. The information and ideas contained in the manuscripts may not be used for personal purposes without the express written permission of the author.

The editor-in-chief and members of the editorial board are obliged to take all reasonable measures to ensure that the authors/reviewers remain anonymous during and after the evaluation process in accordance with the procedure in use.

The editors are obliged to assist the reviewers by providing them with additional information about the manuscript, including the results of the manuscript check for plagiarism.

Responsibilities of reviewers

The reviewers are obliged to provide the editor with a qualified assessment of the scientific or professional value of the manuscript within the given deadlines. The reviewer takes special care of the real contribution and originality of the manuscript. The review must be completely objective. The judgment of reviewers must be clear and supported by arguments.

The reviewers evaluate the manuscripts in relation to the conformity of the content with the profile of the journal, the significance and usefulness of the content, the adequacy of the applied methods, the scientific value of the information contained, the style of presentation and the equipment of the text. The review has a standard format that includes evaluations of individual dimensions of the work, a general evaluation and a final recommendation. It is delivered through the system for online journal editing, where it is deposited indefinitely.

The reviewer must not have a conflict of interest with the authors or the funder of the research. If such a conflict exists, the reviewer is obliged to inform the editor about it in a timely manner. The reviewer does not accept for review works outside the field for which he is considered fully competent.

Reviewers should alert the editor-in-chief if they have a well-founded suspicion or knowledge of possible violations of ethical standards by the authors of the manuscript. They should also identify relevant sources that were not taken into account in the work. They can recommend the citation of certain references, but not require the citation of papers published in the Politeia journal or their own papers, if there is no justification for this.

The reviewers are expected to improve the quality of the manuscript with their suggestions. If they consider that the work deserves publication with corrections, they are obliged to specify the way in which this can be achieved.

Manuscripts sent to a reviewer must be considered confidential documents. Reviewers may not use material from the manuscript for their own research without the express written permission of the author.